For those of you who have been holding your breaths in anticipation of the final installment in the resume postings – here it is!
Today we are looking at the most flexible but most difficult resume to compose: the combination format. As the name implies the combination format is actually a blend of the functional and chronological styles, which makes it more impactful in many industries. It is the preferred format in situations where you have a very good idea of the job you are seeking and can tailor your resume to show your skills (think functional style) and experience (think chronological).
The difficulty in writing the combination style is that even though you are bringing in the best of both worlds you still need to fit it into two pages or less without doing something cheesy like shrinking the font down to microscopic size or using bigger sheets of paper. Ruthless editing is everything!
What will greatly help you edit is researching the company and position where you are applying. This will help you refine both your skill set and experience so that you are showing only what is relevant to the job or firm; you don’t have room for everything, so you can pick and choose what needs to be presented.
As with all things, there are some advantages and disadvantages to the combination format. That said, if well written and focused on the job and firm where you want to work they can be easily mitigated.
- If you have little experience in the work area that you are seeking you can offset it by showcasing your skill set
- Likewise, if you have a tremendous amount of experience you can use it to offset a limited number of entries on your chronological history
- If you are changing careers, you can emphasize both your skill set and your experience to show why they are relevant for a new career path
- If you have been job hopping the chronological section will still show the frequency of change in your employment history, as well as any significant gaps.
- If you have no experience and no skills in the area where you want to work this format will highlight both situations. You may be hoping to change your life and go in a radically new direction, which is great, but since this resume style is tailored to demonstrate both your skill set and experience that may be problematic if you have neither.
In this format we also introduce a new element: The Objective Statement. This is where you, the applicant, articulate why you are the best person for a particular job. Interestingly, if you surf around and read some of the posts and articles about resumes you will see that the objective statement is a controversial subject. Many writers feel that it is unnecessary and wastes space, while others feel that it is an important component of a well written resume.
My take on it is that the objective statement is the best way to focus the reader (think hiring manager) on what it is that you can do for them. It makes their job a little easier. Think of it like the thesis for a term paper – you state your position up front and then support it throughout the rest of the document.
A large number of transitioning military folks seek work in the Civil Service or with a government contractor. The objective statement is particularly useful for those who are seeking those jobs because the requirements to fill those jobs are generally fully disclosed and readily available, which means that you can tailor your resume to fit the stated requirements. Showing the person who has to fill a position that you are the right person is the purpose of the objective statement, and a well written one that is supported throughout the resume has the advantage over someone whose resume is not focused.
The tight focus on the job you are seeking also allows for more latitude in the use of jargon and acronyms. If you are seeking a job with specific technical skills then the odds are that the reader of the resume will understand your area-specific terminology. That said, be judicious and use jargon sparingly unless you know for certain that the reader will understand what you are saying. My example resume contains a fair amount of jargon and acronyms, but in my research I found that using them was not a problem. You can see it here: Combination Resume Sample.
After the objective statement comes the Summary section. This is a few sentences that show a thumbnail sketch that backs up your objective statement and shows why you are the right person for the job. It also introduces the functional areas (as bullets) that showcase your skills that support your objective statement as well as your summary – and, of course, why you are the right candidate for the job.
Immediately following the summary section are the more detailed narratives for each of the functional areas that you identified in the Summary section. I title this section of the resume “Accomplishments” and use it to show how my skills in each area make me the best candidate for the job. It is important to remember that each skill must relate to the objective and summary; otherwise you are wasting space and confusing the reader. Remember: Focus, Focus, Focus on the job you are applying for! Anything that does not bolster your objective and summary is taking up valuable space that you do not have to spare.
The accomplishments section is the end of the functional component of the resume. The next section is a whittled down version of the chronological format, presented from the newest experience to the oldest.
This is where editing is really important! In a traditional chronological resume you have a couple of pages to work with, but now you are down to half that space. What I recommend is to only go back in time as many years as are needed to directly support your objective and summary statements. For my resume (Combination Resume Sample) I chose to go into detail on the jobs that I held for the previous six years. Those jobs are directly related to the job I was pursuing. I then wrote a brief paragraph about other previous work experience that again supports the objective and summary statements.
The format ends with a recap of Education, Affiliations, and Awards that highlight those areas. Here is where it is OK to include some things that may not be directly related to the objective and summary. If you have received awards that are unique or show recognition for your great work or leadership, then by all means include them because they will show that you have distinguished yourself. Likewise, if you have completed education or training that shows a depth of experience beyond the scope of your target job that can help as well.
In a nutshell the Combination Format is the right one for most government and contracting jobs as well as others that are have clearly defined requirements for employment. The best part about this format is that it showcases both your skills and your experience, but to do so effectively requires a lot of research and ruthless editing.
And with that our string of posts about resume formats comes to a close. Next we’ll dive into the wonderful world of cover letters!
1) The Combination Format is best for jobs and companies that are specific in their requirements. This helps you focus your resume specifically on what the employer is looking for. It is the best format for government and contracting jobs.
2) You must focus your resume on the job you are applying for, which means that this particular resume format requires that you update and revise it for each job you are seeking. A good idea is to place a date stamp in the footer of the document for the date that you complete it; just make the font the same color as the background and nobody but you will will know it is there. Since you know where it is you can check the date by highlighting that area of the page – and this will be very useful because before you know it you will have multiple versions of your resume saved and it will help you keep them sorted.
3) Ruthlessly edit and refine your resume. You cannot go past two pages, and if you try tricks like filling up all of the white space or using smaller fonts the hiring manager will likely pitch it out. Get to the golden nuggets of your skill set and experience – get rid of the rest.
4) Write an objective statement that targets the job you are seeking and support it throughout the remainder of the resume. It should grab the reader’s attention because it resonates fully with the job that they are trying to fill.